A common dental condition that many patients face is periodontal disease. After the age of 30, adults began to face this condition, one that is the leading cause of tooth loss for adults in the world. The condition is linked to health issues such as diabetes and Alzheimer’s, affecting an individual’s overall health as well as teeth and gums.

If you are over the age of 30, you may be wondering what the symptoms of periodontal disease are. By learning more about the condition, you can avoid the condition or learn of symptoms early so that dental care can be provided.

Understanding Periodontal Disease

Also known as periodontitis, periodontal disease is a condition that affects the gum tissue that is located around the teeth and jawbone. The condition first begins when bacteria are found in the mouth. When the disease is not treated, tooth loss can occur.

The main cause behind the condition is bacteria in the mouth. When bacteria of plaque is not treated, it can create a problem for the teeth and gums. When plaque is not removed via flossing and brushing, it creates tartar, which must be removed by a dental professional.

Within the body, the immune system will release defense cells to get rid of the bacteria in the mouth. This defense process will cause the gums to swell and become inflamed. As the swelling occurs, the gums are pulled away from the teeth. This then creates pockets for bacteria to settle and grow.

Along with bacteria, there are other factors that can contribute to periodontal disease. Smoking, genetics, stress, hormonal changes, poor nutrition, and grinding teeth are factors that can create the issue.

Common Symptoms

Patients who have periodontal disease will find they are subject to certain symptoms. Gums will bleed easily when flossing or brushing. Gums will be tender and/or swollen. Gums will also begin to pull away from the teeth.

The way your teeth fit together when you bite down will be changed along with deep pockets beginning to form between the gums and teeth. Teeth may become loose or start to shift. You may find that pus is beginning to form between the gums and teeth as well as a bad taste in your mouth, or bad breath.

When you experience any of these symptoms, a visit to the dentist is a must. Even if you do not have these symptoms, you may be at risk. Visiting the dentist for regular checkups, including x-rays, will help to catch any issue early. A periodontal evaluation by the dentist via x-rays will help to find and treat any issue of gum disease.

If it has been a while since you have visited the dentist, or you are experiencing any of the symptoms associated with periodontal disease, it is recommended that a visit is scheduled. Having any problems taken care of early on and result in a lesser need for treatment.

Royce Family Dentistry can assist with every dental need, including periodontal disease. Give us a call today at 704-540-5440 to schedule an appointment.